[writing] Word for August: Mensk

Guvnor

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† mensk, n.
[‘As a mass noun: honour, dignity, reverence. Also in plural in same sense.’]
Forms: ME menke, ME mensc, ME mensca, ME mensce, ME menske, ME meske, ME meusk transmission error, ME meuske transmission error, ME–15 mensk; Sc. pre-17 menske. See also mense n.1
Origin: A borrowing from early Scandinavian.
Etymology: < early Scandinavian (compare Old Icelandic mennska humanity: see mannish n.). Compare mense n.1
The forms menke and meske probably show simplification of the consonant cluster rather than scribal error.
Obsolete.
1.
a. As a mass noun: honour, dignity, reverence. Also in plural in same sense.
c1225 (1200) Hali Meiðhad(Bodl.) (1940) 322 (MED) Þus feole priuileges schawið..Hwucche beoð þer meiðnes & sundrið ham from þe oðre wið þus feole mensken.
a1250 (1200) Ancrene Riwle(Nero) (1952) 85 Mid more menke not ich none ancre.
c1275 (1200) Laȝamon Brut(Calig.) (1963) 2535 Ah fourti wintre heore fader..mid mensca heold his riche.
c1330 (1300) Sir Tristrem(1886) l. 2118 (MED) More menske were it to þe Better for to do.
a1400 (1325) Cursor Mundi(Vesp.) 4245 (MED) Putifer..held ioseph in mensk and are.
c1440 (1400) Sir Perceval(1930) 1423 If..we foure kempys agayne one knyght, Littill menske wold to vs lighte.
1487 (1380) J. Barbour Bruce(St. John's Cambr.) xvi. 621 Men sall se Quha lufis the kyngis mensk to-day!
a1500 (1460) Towneley Plays(1897–1973) 209 Mensk be to this meneye.
?1507 W. Dunbar Tua Mariit Wemen(Rouen) in Poems(1998) I. 50 I maid that wif carll to werk all womenis werkis, And laid all manly materis and mensk in this eird.
1509 in J. Raine Testamenta Eboracensia(1884) V. 3 Ȝe shall have moch menske thereof.
b. An honour, a credit, an ornament. Frequently with of.
?c1225 (1200) Ancrene Riwle(Cleo. C.vi) (1972) 202 A mid þe menske of þi neb þet is þe feȝereste del..ne berest þu as twa priuees þurles.
a1250 Wohunge ure Lauerd in R. Morris Old Eng. Homilies(1868) 1st Ser. 281 (MED) Þu..menske art of al mon kin.
c1440 (1400) Sir Eglamour(Thornton) (1965) 132 In dedis of armis ferre or nere Þe gre he wynnes wyth iornaye clere, Oure menske for euir and aye.
2. Humanity, kindness; graciousness, courtesy.
a1250 Wohunge ure Lauerd in R. Morris Old Eng. Homilies(1868) 1st Ser. 269 Summe menske and mildeschipe and debonairte.
a1375 William of Palerne(1867) 313 Moch is þi mercy & þi miȝt, þi menske, & þi grace!
c1400 (1380) Pearl 163 A mayden of menske, ful debonere.
c1400 (1390) Sir Gawain & Green Knight(1940) 2410 (MED) & he ȝelde hit yow ȝare þat ȝarkkez al menskes.
c1440 Sir Degrevant(Thornton) 83 (MED) He louede almous-dede, Poure folke for to fede With menske and with manhede.
 
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